This species is endemic to the region around Pulquina, Santa Cruz, Bolivia. This region is tropical dry forest with very low, seasonal rainfall. Unlike many other Dyckia species, D. pulquinensis lives in very dry habitat and has adapted to life with little available water. The leaves are fairly long and tapering with fairly large, widely spaces light colored spines. The leaf color is green tinting gun-metal gray with a reddish cast in full sun. A hardy species from the fringe regions of Dyckia's natural range.